Groovy 2.2.1

groovy.json
[Groovy] Class StreamingJsonBuilder

java.lang.Object
  groovy.json.StreamingJsonBuilder

class StreamingJsonBuilder

A builder for creating JSON payloads.

This builder supports the usual builder syntax made of nested method calls and closures, but also some specific aspects of JSON data structures, such as list of values, etc. Please make sure to have a look at the various methods provided by this builder to be able to learn about the various possibilities of usage.

Unlike the JsonBuilder class which creates a data structure in memory, which is handy in those situations where you want to alter the structure programmatically before output, the StreamingJsonBuilder streams to a writter directly without any memory data structure. So if you don't need to modify the structure, and want a more memory-efficient approach, please use the StreamingJsonBuilder.

Example:

     new StringWriter().with { w ->
         def builder = new groovy.json.StreamingJsonBuilder( w )
         builder.people {
             person {
                 firstName 'Tim'
                 lastName 'Yates'
                 // Named arguments are valid values for objects too
                 address(
                     city: 'Manchester',
                     country: 'UK',
                     zip: 'M1 2AB',
                 )
                 living true
                 eyes 'left', 'right'
             }
         }

         assert w.toString() == '{"people":{"person":{"firstName":"Tim","lastName":"Yates","address":{"city":"Manchester","country":"UK","zip":"M1 2AB"},"living":true,"eyes":["left","right"]}}}'
    }
 
Authors:
Tim Yates
Since:
1.8.1


Property Summary
Writer writer

 
Constructor Summary
StreamingJsonBuilder(Writer writer, def content = null)

Instantiates a JSON builder, possibly with some existing data structure.

 
Method Summary
def call(Map m)

Named arguments can be passed to the JSON builder instance to create a root JSON object

def call(List l)

A list of elements as arguments to the JSON builder creates a root JSON array

def call(Object... args)

Varargs elements as arguments to the JSON builder create a root JSON array

def call(Closure c)

A closure passed to a JSON builder will create a root JSON object

def invokeMethod(String name, Object args)

A method call on the JSON builder instance will create a root object with only one key whose name is the name of the method being called.

 
Methods inherited from class Object
wait, wait, wait, equals, toString, hashCode, getClass, notify, notifyAll
 

Property Detail

writer

Writer writer


 
Constructor Detail

StreamingJsonBuilder

StreamingJsonBuilder(Writer writer, def content = null)
Instantiates a JSON builder, possibly with some existing data structure.
Parameters:
writer - A writer to which Json will be written
content - a pre-existing data structure, default to null


 
Method Detail

call

def call(Map m)
Named arguments can be passed to the JSON builder instance to create a root JSON object

Example:

 new StringWriter().with { w ->
   def json = new groovy.json.StreamingJsonBuilder( w )
   json name: "Tim", age: 31

   assert w.toString() == '{"name":"Tim","age":31}'
 }
 
Parameters:
m - a map of key / value pairs
Returns:
a map of key / value pairs


call

def call(List l)
A list of elements as arguments to the JSON builder creates a root JSON array

Example:

 new StringWriter().with { w ->
   def json = new groovy.json.StreamingJsonBuilder( w )
   def result = json([1, 2, 3])

   assert result == [ 1, 2, 3 ]
   assert w.toString() == "[1,2,3]"
 }
 
Parameters:
l - a list of values
Returns:
a list of values


call

def call(Object... args)
Varargs elements as arguments to the JSON builder create a root JSON array

Example:

 new StringWriter().with { w ->
   def json = new groovy.json.StreamingJsonBuilder( w )
   def result = json 1, 2, 3

   assert result instanceof List
   assert w.toString() == "[1,2,3]"
 }
 
Parameters:
args - an array of values
Returns:
a list of values


call

def call(Closure c)
A closure passed to a JSON builder will create a root JSON object

Example:

 new StringWriter().with { w ->
   def json = new groovy.json.StreamingJsonBuilder( w )
   json {
      name "Tim"
      age 39
   }

   assert w.toString() == '{"name":"Tim","age":39}'
 }
 
Parameters:
c - a closure whose method call statements represent key / values of a JSON object


invokeMethod

def invokeMethod(String name, Object args)
A method call on the JSON builder instance will create a root object with only one key whose name is the name of the method being called. This method takes as arguments:

Example with a classicala builder-style:

 new StringWriter().with { w ->
     def json = new groovy.json.StreamingJsonBuilder( w )
     json.person {
         name "Tim"
          age 28
     }

     assert w.toString() == '{"person":{"name":"Tim","age":28}}'
 }
 
Or alternatively with a method call taking named arguments:
 new StringWriter().with { w ->
     def json = new groovy.json.StreamingJsonBuilder( w )
     json.person name: "Tim", age: 32

     assert w.toString() == '{"person":{"name":"Tim","age":32}}'
 }
 
If you use named arguments and a closure as last argument, the key/value pairs of the map (as named arguments) and the key/value pairs represented in the closure will be merged together — the closure properties overriding the map key/values in case the same key is used.
 new StringWriter().with { w ->
     def json = new groovy.json.StreamingJsonBuilder( w )
     json.person(name: "Tim", age: 35) { town "Manchester" }

     assert w.toString() == '{"person":{"name":"Tim","age":35,"town":"Manchester"}}'
 }
 
The empty args call will create a key whose value will be an empty JSON object:
 new StringWriter().with { w ->
     def json = new groovy.json.StreamingJsonBuilder( w )
     json.person()

     assert w.toString() == '{"person":{}}'
 }
 
Parameters:
name - the single key
args - the value associated with the key


 

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