Groovy 2.2.1

groovy.lang
[Java] Annotation Type Delegate

java.lang.Object
  groovy.lang.Delegate

@Retention(RetentionPolicy.SOURCE)
@Target({ElementType.FIELD})
@GroovyASTTransformationClass("org.codehaus.groovy.transform.DelegateASTTransformation")
public @interface Delegate

Field annotation to automatically delegate part of the functionality of an owner class to the annotated field.

All public instance methods present in the type of the annotated field and not present in the owner class will be added to owner class at compile time. The implementation of such automatically added methods is code which calls through to the delegate as per the normal delegate pattern.

As an example, consider this code:

 class Event {
     @Delegate Date when
     String title, url
 }

 def gr8conf = new Event(title: "GR8 Conference",
                           url: "http://www.gr8conf.org",
                          when: Date.parse("yyyy/MM/dd", "2009/05/18"))

 def javaOne = new Event(title: "JavaOne",
                           url: "http://java.sun.com/javaone/",
                          when: Date.parse("yyyy/MM/dd", "2009/06/02"))

 assert gr8conf.before(javaOne.when)
 
In this example, the Event class will have a method called before(Date otherDate) as well as other public methods of the Date class. The implementation of the before() method will look like this:
     public boolean before(Date otherDate) {
         return when.before(otherDate);
     }
 
By default, the owner class will also be modified to implement any interfaces implemented by the field. So, in the example above, because Date implements Cloneable the following will be true:
 assert gr8conf instanceof Cloneable
 
This behavior can be disabled by setting the annotation's interfaces element to false, i.e. @Delegate(interfaces = false), e.g. in the above example, the delegate definition would become:
     @Delegate(interfaces = false) Date when
 
and the following would be true:
 assert !(gr8conf instanceof Cloneable)
 
If multiple delegate fields are used and the same method signature occurs in more than one of the respective field types, then the delegate will be made to the first defined field having that signature. If this does occur, it might be regarded as a smell (or at least poor style) and it might be clearer to do the delegation by long hand.

By default, methods of the delegate type marked as @Deprecated are not automatically added to the owner class (but see the technical note about interfaces below). You can force these methods to be added by setting the annotation's deprecated element to true, i.e. @Delegate(deprecated = true).

For example, in the example above if we change the delegate definition to:

     @Delegate(deprecated = true) Date when
 
then the following additional lines will execute successfully (during 2009):
 assert gr8conf.year + 1900 == 2009
 assert gr8conf.toGMTString().contains(" 2009 ")
 
Otherwise these lines produce a groovy.lang.MissingPropertyException or groovy.lang.MissingMethodException respectively as those two methods are @Deprecated in Date.

Technical notes:

Authors:
Alex Tkachman
Paul King


 
Optional Element Summary
boolean deprecated

Whether to apply the delegate pattern to deprecated methods; to avoid compilation errors, this is ignored if the type of the delegate field is an interface and interfaces=true.

java.lang.String excludes

List of method and/or property names to exclude when delegating.

java.lang.String includes

List of method and/or property names to include when delegating.

boolean interfaces

@default true

Returns:
true if owner class should implement interfaces implemented by field

boolean methodAnnotations

Whether to carry over annotations from the methods of the delegate to your delegating method.

boolean parameterAnnotations

Whether to carry over annotations from the parameters of delegate methods to your delegating method.

 
Method Summary
 
Methods inherited from class Object
wait, wait, wait, equals, toString, hashCode, getClass, notify, notifyAll
 

Element Detail

deprecated

public boolean deprecated
Whether to apply the delegate pattern to deprecated methods; to avoid compilation errors, this is ignored if the type of the delegate field is an interface and interfaces=true.
Deprecated:
@default false
Returns:
true if owner class should delegate to methods annotated with


excludes

public String[] excludes
List of method and/or property names to exclude when delegating. Must not be used if 'includes' is used. For convenience, a String with comma separated names can be used in addition to an array (using Groovy's literal list notation) of String values. If interfaces is true (the default), you will need to manually supply any methods excluded from delegation that are required for the interface. @default {}
Since:
2.2.0


includes

public String[] includes
List of method and/or property names to include when delegating. Must not be used if 'excludes' is used. For convenience, a String with comma separated names can be used in addition to an array (using Groovy's literal list notation) of String values. If interfaces is true (the default), you will need to manually supply any methods not included via delegation that are required for the interface.
Default:
/* *
Since:
2.2.0


interfaces

public boolean interfaces
@default true
Returns:
true if owner class should implement interfaces implemented by field


methodAnnotations

public boolean methodAnnotations
Whether to carry over annotations from the methods of the delegate to your delegating method. Currently Closure annotation members are not supported. @default false
Returns:
true if generated delegate methods should keep method annotations


parameterAnnotations

public boolean parameterAnnotations
Whether to carry over annotations from the parameters of delegate methods to your delegating method. Currently Closure annotation members are not supported. @default false
Returns:
true if generated delegate methods should keep parameter annotations


 

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