Groovy JDK

java.util
Class Iterator

Method Summary
boolean asBoolean()
Coerce an iterator instance to a boolean value.
Map collectEntries(Closure transform)
A variant of collectEntries for Iterators.
Map collectEntries()
A variant of collectEntries for Iterators using the identity closure as the transform.
Map collectEntries(Map collector, Closure transform)
A variant of collectEntries for Iterators using a supplied map as the destination of transformed entries.
Map collectEntries(Map collector)
A variant of collectEntries for Iterators using the identity closure as the transform and a supplied map as the destination of transformed entries.
List collectMany(Closure projection)
Projects each item from a source iterator to a collection and concatenates (flattens) the resulting collections into a single list.
Number count(Object value)
Counts the number of occurrences of the given value from the items within this Iterator.
Number count(Closure closure)
Counts the number of occurrences which satisfy the given closure from the items within this Iterator.
Map countBy(Closure closure)
Sorts all iterator items into groups determined by the supplied mapping closure and counts the group size.
Iterator drop(int num)
Drops the given number of elements from the head of this iterator if they are available.
Iterator dropWhile(Closure condition)
Creates an Iterator that returns a suffix of the elements from an original Iterator.
Object getAt(int idx)
Support the subscript operator for an Iterator.
Object inject(Object initialValue, Closure closure)
Iterates through the given Iterator, passing in the initial value to the closure along with the first item.
Iterator iterator()
An identity function for iterators, supporting 'duck-typing' when trying to get an iterator for each object within a collection, some of which may already be iterators.
String join(String separator)
Concatenates the toString() representation of each item from the iterator, with the given String as a separator between each item.
Object max()
Adds max() method to Iterator objects.
Object max(Closure closure)
Selects the maximum value found from the Iterator using the closure to determine the correct ordering.
Object max(Comparator comparator)
Selects the maximum value found from the Iterator using the given comparator.
Object min()
Adds min() method to Iterator objects.
Object min(Comparator comparator)
Selects the minimum value found from the Iterator using the given comparator.
Object min(Closure closure)
Selects the minimum value found from the Iterator using the closure to determine the correct ordering.
Iterator reverse()
Reverses the iterator.
int size()
Provide the standard Groovy size() method for Iterator.
Iterator sort()
Sorts the given iterator items into a sorted iterator.
Iterator sort(Comparator comparator)
Sorts the given iterator items into a sorted iterator using the comparator.
Iterator sort(Closure closure)
Sorts the given iterator items into a sorted iterator using the Closure to determine the correct ordering.
Object sum()
Sums the items from an Iterator.
Object sum(Object initialValue)
Sums the items from an Iterator, adding the result to some initial value.
Object sum(Closure closure)
Sums the result of apply a closure to each item returned from an iterator.
Object sum(Object initialValue, Closure closure)
Sums the result of applying a closure to each item of an Iterator to some initial value.
Iterator take(int num)
Returns an iterator of up to the first num elements from this iterator.
Iterator takeWhile(Closure condition)
Returns the longest prefix of elements in this iterator where each element passed to the given condition closure evaluates to true.
List toList()
Convert an iterator to a List.
Set toSet()
Convert an iterator to a Set.
Iterator unique()
Returns an iterator equivalent to this iterator all duplicated items removed by using the default comparator.
Iterator unique(Closure closure)
Returns an iterator equivalent to this iterator but with all duplicated items removed by using a Closure to determine duplicate (equal) items.
Iterator unique(Comparator comparator)
Returns an iterator equivalent to this iterator with all duplicated items removed by using the supplied comparator.
 
Method Detail

asBoolean

public boolean asBoolean()
 
Coerce an iterator instance to a boolean value. An iterator is coerced to false if there are no more elements to iterate over, and to true otherwise.
Returns:
the boolean value
Since:
1.7.0

collectEntries

public Map collectEntries(Closure transform)
 
A variant of collectEntries for Iterators.
Parameters:
transform - the closure used for transforming, which has an item from self as the parameter and should return a Map.Entry, a Map or a two-element list containing the resulting key and value.
Returns:
a Map of the transformed entries
Since:
1.8.7
See:
Collection#collectEntries(Closure).

collectEntries

public Map collectEntries()
 
A variant of collectEntries for Iterators using the identity closure as the transform.
Returns:
a Map of the transformed entries
Since:
1.8.7
See:
Collection#collectEntries().

collectEntries

public Map collectEntries(Map collector, Closure transform)
 
A variant of collectEntries for Iterators using a supplied map as the destination of transformed entries.
Parameters:
collector - the Map into which the transformed entries are put.
transform - the closure used for transforming, which has an item from self as the parameter and should return a Map.Entry, a Map or a two-element list containing the resulting key and value.
Returns:
the collector with all transformed values added to it
Since:
1.8.7

collectEntries

public Map collectEntries(Map collector)
 
A variant of collectEntries for Iterators using the identity closure as the transform and a supplied map as the destination of transformed entries.
Parameters:
collector - the Map into which the transformed entries are put.
Returns:
the collector with all transformed values added to it
Since:
1.8.7
See:
Collection#collectEntries(Map).

collectMany

public List collectMany(Closure projection)
 
Projects each item from a source iterator to a collection and concatenates (flattens) the resulting collections into a single list.

def numsIter = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6].iterator()
def squaresAndCubesOfEvens = numsIter.collectMany{ it % 2 ? [] : [it**2, it**3] }
assert squaresAndCubesOfEvens == [4, 8, 16, 64, 36, 216]
Parameters:
projection - a projecting Closure returning a collection of items.
Returns:
a list created from the projected collections concatenated (flattened) together
Since:
1.8.1
See:
Iterator#sum.

count

public Number count(Object value)
 
Counts the number of occurrences of the given value from the items within this Iterator. Comparison is done using Groovy's == operator (using compareTo(value) == 0 or equals(value) ). The iterator will become exhausted of elements after determining the count value.
Parameters:
value - the value being searched for.
Returns:
the number of occurrences
Since:
1.5.0

count

public Number count(Closure closure)
 
Counts the number of occurrences which satisfy the given closure from the items within this Iterator. The iterator will become exhausted of elements after determining the count value.

Example usage:

assert [2,4,2,1,3,5,2,4,3].toSet().iterator().count{ it % 2 == 0 } == 2
Parameters:
closure - a closure condition.
Returns:
the number of occurrences
Since:
1.8.0

countBy

public Map countBy(Closure closure)
 
Sorts all iterator items into groups determined by the supplied mapping closure and counts the group size. The closure should return the key that each item should be grouped by. The returned Map will have an entry for each distinct key returned from the closure, with each value being the frequency of items occurring for that group.

Example usage:

assert [1,2,2,2,3].toSet().iterator().countBy{ it % 2 } == [1:2, 0:1]
Parameters:
closure - a closure mapping items to the frequency keys.
Returns:
a new Map grouped by keys with frequency counts
Since:
1.8.0
See:
Collection#countBy(Closure).

drop

public Iterator drop(int num)
 
Drops the given number of elements from the head of this iterator if they are available. The original iterator is stepped along by num elements.
def iteratorCompare( Iterator a, List b ) {
    a.collect { it } == b
}
def iter = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ].listIterator()
assert iteratorCompare( iter.drop( 0 ), [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ] )
iter = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ].listIterator()
assert iteratorCompare( iter.drop( 2 ), [ 3, 4, 5 ] )
iter = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ].listIterator()
assert iteratorCompare( iter.drop( 5 ), [] )
Parameters:
num - the number of elements to drop from this iterator.
Returns:
The iterator stepped along by num elements if they exist.
Since:
1.8.1

dropWhile

public Iterator dropWhile(Closure condition)
 
Creates an Iterator that returns a suffix of the elements from an original Iterator. As many elements as possible are dropped from the front of the original Iterator such that calling the given closure condition evaluates to true when passed each of the dropped elements.
def a = 0
def iter = [ hasNext:{ a < 10 }, next:{ a++ } ] as Iterator
assert [].iterator().dropWhile{ it < 3 }.toList() == []
assert [1, 2, 3, 4, 5].iterator().dropWhile{ it < 3 }.toList() == [ 3, 4, 5 ]
assert iter.dropWhile{ it < 5 }.toList() == [ 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 ]
Parameters:
condition - the closure that must evaluate to true to continue dropping elements.
Returns:
the shortest suffix of elements from the given Iterator such that the given closure condition evaluates to true for each element dropped from the front of the Iterator
Since:
1.8.7

getAt

public Object getAt(int idx)
 
Support the subscript operator for an Iterator. The iterator will be partially exhausted up until the idx entry after returning if a +ve or 0 idx is used, or fully exhausted if a -ve idx is used or no corresponding entry was found. Typical usage:
def iter = [2, "a", 5.3].iterator()
assert iter[1] == "a"
A more elaborate example:
def items = [2, "a", 5.3]
def iter = items.iterator()
assert iter[-1] == 5.3
// iter exhausted, so reset
iter = items.iterator()
assert iter[1] == "a"
// iter partially exhausted so now idx starts after "a"
assert iter[0] == 5.3
Parameters:
idx - an index value (-self.size() <= idx < self.size()).
Returns:
the value at the given index (after normalisation) or null if no corresponding value was found
Since:
1.7.2

inject

public Object inject(Object initialValue, Closure closure)
 
Iterates through the given Iterator, passing in the initial value to the closure along with the first item. The result is passed back (injected) into the closure along with the second item. The new result is injected back into the closure along with the third item and so on until the Iterator has been expired of values. Also known as foldLeft in functional parlance.
Parameters:
initialValue - some initial value.
closure - a closure.
Returns:
the result of the last closure call
Since:
1.5.0
See:
Collection#inject(Object, Closure).

iterator

public Iterator iterator()
 
An identity function for iterators, supporting 'duck-typing' when trying to get an iterator for each object within a collection, some of which may already be iterators.
Returns:
itself
Since:
1.5.0

join

public String join(String separator)
 
Concatenates the toString() representation of each item from the iterator, with the given String as a separator between each item. The iterator will become exhausted of elements after determining the resulting conjoined value.
Parameters:
separator - a String separator.
Returns:
the joined String
Since:
1.5.5

max

public Object max()
 
Adds max() method to Iterator objects. The iterator will become exhausted of elements after determining the maximum value.
Returns:
the maximum value
Since:
1.5.5
See:
GroovyCollections#max.

max

public Object max(Closure closure)
 
Selects the maximum value found from the Iterator using the closure to determine the correct ordering. The iterator will become exhausted of elements after this operation.

If the closure has two parameters it is used like a traditional Comparator. I.e. it should compare its two parameters for order, returning a negative integer, zero, or a positive integer when the first parameter is less than, equal to, or greater than the second respectively. Otherwise, the Closure is assumed to take a single parameter and return a Comparable (typically an Integer) which is then used for further comparison.

Parameters:
closure - a Closure used to determine the correct ordering.
Returns:
the maximum value
Since:
1.5.5
See:
Collection#max.

max

public Object max(Comparator comparator)
 
Selects the maximum value found from the Iterator using the given comparator.
Parameters:
comparator - a Comparator.
Returns:
the maximum value
Since:
1.5.5

min

public Object min()
 
Adds min() method to Iterator objects. The iterator will become exhausted of elements after determining the minimum value.
Returns:
the minimum value
Since:
1.5.5
See:
Collection#min.

min

public Object min(Comparator comparator)
 
Selects the minimum value found from the Iterator using the given comparator.
Parameters:
comparator - a Comparator.
Returns:
the minimum value
Since:
1.5.5
See:
Collection#min.

min

public Object min(Closure closure)
 
Selects the minimum value found from the Iterator using the closure to determine the correct ordering. The iterator will become exhausted of elements after this operation.

If the closure has two parameters it is used like a traditional Comparator. I.e. it should compare its two parameters for order, returning a negative integer, zero, or a positive integer when the first parameter is less than, equal to, or greater than the second respectively. Otherwise, the Closure is assumed to take a single parameter and return a Comparable (typically an Integer) which is then used for further comparison.

Parameters:
closure - a Closure used to determine the correct ordering.
Returns:
the minimum value
Since:
1.5.5
See:
Collection#min.

reverse

public Iterator reverse()
 
Reverses the iterator. The original iterator will become exhausted of elements after determining the reversed values. A new iterator for iterating through the reversed values is returned.
Returns:
a reversed Iterator
Since:
1.5.5

size

public int size()
 
Provide the standard Groovy size() method for Iterator. The iterator will become exhausted of elements after determining the size value.
Returns:
the length of the Iterator
Since:
1.5.5

sort

public Iterator sort()
 
Sorts the given iterator items into a sorted iterator. The items are assumed to be comparable. The original iterator will become exhausted of elements after completing this method call. A new iterator is produced that traverses the items in sorted order.
Returns:
the sorted items as an Iterator
Since:
1.5.5

sort

public Iterator sort(Comparator comparator)
 
Sorts the given iterator items into a sorted iterator using the comparator. The original iterator will become exhausted of elements after completing this method call. A new iterator is produced that traverses the items in sorted order.
Parameters:
comparator - a Comparator used for comparing items.
Returns:
the sorted items as an Iterator
Since:
1.5.5

sort

public Iterator sort(Closure closure)
 
Sorts the given iterator items into a sorted iterator using the Closure to determine the correct ordering. The original iterator will be fully processed after the method call.

If the closure has two parameters it is used like a traditional Comparator. I.e. it should compare its two parameters for order, returning a negative integer, zero, or a positive integer when the first parameter is less than, equal to, or greater than the second respectively. Otherwise, the Closure is assumed to take a single parameter and return a Comparable (typically an Integer) which is then used for further comparison.

Parameters:
closure - a Closure used to determine the correct ordering.
Returns:
the sorted items as an Iterator
Since:
1.5.5

sum

public Object sum()
 
Sums the items from an Iterator. This is equivalent to invoking the "plus" method on all items from the Iterator. The iterator will become exhausted of elements after determining the sum value.
Returns:
The sum of all of the items
Since:
1.5.5

sum

public Object sum(Object initialValue)
 
Sums the items from an Iterator, adding the result to some initial value. This is equivalent to invoking the "plus" method on all items from the Iterator. The iterator will become exhausted of elements after determining the sum value.
Parameters:
initialValue - the items in the collection will be summed to this initial value.
Returns:
The sum of all of the items
Since:
1.5.5

sum

public Object sum(Closure closure)
 
Sums the result of apply a closure to each item returned from an iterator. iter.sum(closure) is equivalent to: iter.collect(closure).sum(). The iterator will become exhausted of elements after determining the sum value.
Parameters:
closure - a single parameter closure that returns a numeric value..
Returns:
The sum of the values returned by applying the closure to each item from the Iterator.
Since:
1.7.1

sum

public Object sum(Object initialValue, Closure closure)
 
Sums the result of applying a closure to each item of an Iterator to some initial value. iter.sum(initVal, closure) is equivalent to: iter.collect(closure).sum(initVal). The iterator will become exhausted of elements after determining the sum value.
Parameters:
closure - a single parameter closure that returns a numeric value..
initialValue - the closure results will be summed to this initial value.
Returns:
The sum of the values returned by applying the closure to each item from the Iterator.
Since:
1.7.1

take

public Iterator take(int num)
 
Returns an iterator of up to the first num elements from this iterator. The original iterator is stepped along by num elements.
def a = 0
def iter = [ hasNext:{ true }, next:{ a++ } ] as Iterator
def iteratorCompare( Iterator a, List b ) {
    a.collect { it } == b
}
assert iteratorCompare( iter.take( 0 ), [] )
assert iteratorCompare( iter.take( 2 ), [ 0, 1 ] )
assert iteratorCompare( iter.take( 5 ), [ 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 ] )
Parameters:
num - the number of elements to take from this iterator.
Returns:
an iterator consisting of up to the first num elements of this iterator.
Since:
1.8.1

takeWhile

public Iterator takeWhile(Closure condition)
 
Returns the longest prefix of elements in this iterator where each element passed to the given condition closure evaluates to true.

def a = 0
def iter = [ hasNext:{ true }, next:{ a++ } ] as Iterator

assert [].iterator().takeWhile{ it < 3 }.toList() == []
assert [1, 2, 3, 4, 5].iterator().takeWhile{ it < 3 }.toList() == [ 1, 2 ]
assert iter.takeWhile{ it < 5 }.toList() == [ 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 ]
Parameters:
condition - the closure that must evaluate to true to continue taking elements.
Returns:
a prefix of elements in the given iterator where each element passed to the given closure evaluates to true
Since:
1.8.7

toList

public List toList()
 
Convert an iterator to a List. The iterator will become exhausted of elements after making this conversion.
Returns:
a List
Since:
1.5.0

toSet

public Set toSet()
 
Convert an iterator to a Set. The iterator will become exhausted of elements after making this conversion.
Returns:
a Set
Since:
1.8.0

unique

public Iterator unique()
 
Returns an iterator equivalent to this iterator all duplicated items removed by using the default comparator. The original iterator will become exhausted of elements after determining the unique values. A new iterator for the unique values will be returned.
Returns:
the modified Iterator
Since:
1.5.5

unique

public Iterator unique(Closure closure)
 
Returns an iterator equivalent to this iterator but with all duplicated items removed by using a Closure to determine duplicate (equal) items. The original iterator will be fully processed after the call.

If the closure takes a single parameter, the argument passed will be each element, and the closure should return a value used for comparison (either using Comparable#compareTo or Object#equals). If the closure takes two parameters, two items from the Iterator will be passed as arguments, and the closure should return an int value (with 0 indicating the items are not unique).

Parameters:
closure - a Closure used to determine unique items.
Returns:
the modified Iterator
Since:
1.5.5

unique

public Iterator unique(Comparator comparator)
 
Returns an iterator equivalent to this iterator with all duplicated items removed by using the supplied comparator.
Parameters:
comparator - a Comparator.
Returns:
the modified Iterator
Since:
1.5.5

Groovy JDK